Garden,plants,woodford,ilford,barkingside,trees,soil,turf,chigwell,leytonstone,buckhurst hill,flowers,fencing,paving

Shrubs


Hebe

Pictured - Sapphire

Hebe are evergreen shrubs or small trees, with paired, simple leaves and racemes or spikes of small, 4-lobed, tubular to salver-shaped  that flower in the summer and autumn. There are around 100 species of Hebes.

Genus: Hebe

Species: Sapphire

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Chalky/alkaline, Moist

Height: 1-1.5 metres (varies with species)

Spread: 1-1.5 metres  (varies with species)

Flowers July to August.

Colour: Purple (other species white, blue, pink, purple)


Euonymus 

Pictured - fortunei 'Emerald Gaiety' (v)

Euonymus is one of the most versatile evergreen shrubs. There are around 130 varieties both green and variegated.

Genus: Euonymus

Species: fortunei

Cultivar: 'Emerald Gaiety

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade, Shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/light, Clay/heavy, Chalky/alkaline, Moist

Height: 100cm

Spread: 150cm

Time to prune: April to July

Spirea 

Pictured - Spirea Nipponica 'Snowmound'

Spiraea are deciduous shrubs, sometimes suckering, with simple leaves and short racemes, panicles or corymbs of small, 5-petalled white or pink flowers in spring or summer

Genus: Spirea

Species: Nipponica 'Snowmound'

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/ moist but well drained,  Chalky/Loam/ Sand

Height: 1.5 - 2.5 metres (varies with species)

Spread: 1.5 - 2.5 metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Summer

Colour: White (other species pink, red)


Viburnum 

Pictured - Tinus

Viburnum can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs with opposite, simple or palmately lobed leaves and clusters of small, often fragrant white or pink flowers, followed by red, blue or black berries. There are over 150 species of Viburnum.


Genus: Viburnum

Species: Tinus

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade, Shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/light, Clay/ Chalk/Sand, Moist

Height: 2.5- 4 metres (varies with species)

Spread: 2.5- 4 metres (varies with species)

Flowers March - June

Colour: Cream (other species white, purple)

N.B Fruit can cause mild stomach upset if eaten

Sambucus 

Pictured - Black Lace

The flowers of Sambucus nigra are used to produce elderflower cordial . St-Germain , a French liqueur, is made from elderflowers.


Genus: Sambucus

Species: Black Lace

Plant type: Tree, Deciduous

Exposure: Full sun

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/light, Sandy, Heavy, Clay, Moist

Height: 6 metres (varies with species)

Spread: 6 metres (varies with species)

Flowers May-June

Colour: White/ Cream

Pieris

Pictured-  Japonica 'Bonfire'

Pieris are compact evergreen shrubs with leathery, dark green leaves, often brightly coloured when young, and small white urn-shaped flowers borne in panicles in spring


Genus: Pieris 

Species: Japonica 'Bonfire'

Plant type: Evergreen, Bushy

Soil: Ericaceous

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness: Slightly Tender, Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/Moist, Loam/Sand

Height: 0.5-1metre (varies with species)

Spread: 0.5- 1m metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Spring & Winter

Colour: White & Pink




Camelia 

Pictured - Japonica 'Alba Plena'

Camellia are evergreen shrubs with simple, ovate, glossy, leathery leaves and showy flowers with solitary or clustered flowers early in the year

Genus: Camellia

Species: Japonica 'Alba Plena'

Plant type: Evergreen, Bushy

Soil: Ericaceous

Exposure: Full shade, Partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/Moist, Sand/Loam/Sand

Height: 4-8metre (varies with species)

Spread: 4- 8m metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Spring 

Colour: White (other species Red, Pink)


Buddleja

Pictured: Davidii Panache (butterfly bush)

Buddleja can be evergreen or deciduous shrubs, occasionally trees or scrambling climbers with simple leaves and panicles of small, tubular fragrant flowers. There are around 140 Buddleja species.


Genus: Buddleja

Species: Panache

Plant type: Deciduous, Bushy

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness:  Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/Moist, Sand/ Clay/ Chalk/ Loam

Height: 2.5- 4metres (varies with species)

Spread: 2.5- 4metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Summer

Colour: Purple (colours vary with species)

Hydrangea Macrophylla

Pictured: Red Star

Hydrangea can be deciduous or evergreen shrubs, or self-clinging climbers, with flowers in clusters usually comprising both small fertile and more showy sterile flowers; often good autumn colour


Genus: Hydrangea

Species: Red Star

Plant type: Deciduous, Bushy

Exposure: Partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Clay/ Loam

Height: 1- 1.5metres (varies with species)

Spread: 1- 1.5metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Summer

Colour: Red/ Pink (other species Blue, white)

Forsythia

Pictured: Lynwood Variety

Forsythia are deciduous shrubs with simple, occasionally lobed, leaves and short tubular yellow flowers with 4 spreading lobes, borne profusely before the leaves in spring


Genus: Forsythia

Species: Lynwood Variety

Plant type: Deciduous, Bushy

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness:  Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/Moist, Sand/ Clay/ Chalk/ Loam

Height: 1.5- 2.5metres (varies with species)

Spread: 1.5- 2.5metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Spring

Colour: Yellow

Weigela

Pictured: 'Minuet'

Weigela are bushy deciduous shrubs with simple, ovate leaves and small clusters of funnel-shaped white, yellow, pink or red flowers on short side shoots in late spring and summer


Genus: Weigela

Species: Minuet

Plant type: Deciduous, Bushy

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness: Hardy

Soil type: Well drained/ moist but well drained, Chalk/ Sand Clay/ Loam

Height: 0.5- 1metre (varies with species)

Spread: 1- 1.5metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Spring - Summer

Colour: Pink (other species pink, white, yellow)

Rhododendron

Pictured: Lynwood Variety

Rhododendrons are grown for their spectacular flowers, usually borne in spring. Some also have young leaves and stems covered in a striking dense woolly covering (indumentum)


Genus: Rhododendron

Plant type: Evergreen, Deciduous

Exposure: Full sun, Partial shade

Hardiness:  Mostly Hardy

Soil type: Well-drained/Moist, Sand/ Clay/ Chalk/ Loam

Height: 0.5- 2metres (varies with species)

Spread: 0.5- 2.metres (varies with species)

Flowers: Spring

Colour: Red, Pink or White